Scientific Research, Books, Articles, Columns, Lectures and Photographs
Society for Amateur Scientists
The Citizen Scientist, which I edited for the Society for Amateur Scientists from 2003-2010, carried my columns about many aspects of science.
Getting Started in Electronics has sold more copies than any other book about electronics. The book was written for Radio Shack, where it sold more than 1,300,000 copies. "Getting Started in Electronics" and the Forrest Mims Mini-Notebook series are now published by Master Publishing and can be ordered from the Master Publishing site at www.forrestmims.com. The book is available at amazon.com and at RadioShack stores.
Hawaii's Mauna Loa Observatory: Fifty Years of Measuring the Atmosphere. This 265,000-word book was written on assignment from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The book was extensively revised and expanded following three rounds of reviews by a 25-member panel of scientists and former staff of the Mauna Loa Observatory. It was recommended for publication following a 5-month review by two readers retained by the University of Hawaii Press. The catalog listing is here. Chapter one ishere (free). Also see Mauna Loa Observatory page on this site.
Book Award:Maria A. Latyszewskyj, Chair of the ASLI Choice Committee writes: “On behalf of the Atmospheric Science Librarians International (ASLI), I would like to congratulate you for your book, Hawai'i's Mauna Loa Observatory : fifty years of monitoring the atmosphere which has been chosen as ASLI's Choice 2012 - History award for its engaging perspective on the scientists, discoveries, and ground-breaking atmospheric measurements done at Mauna Loa Observatory. It will be receiving a plaque in Austin, TX during the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Meeting on Wed. Jan. 9, 2012….ASLI's Choice is an award for the best book of 2012 in the fields of meteorology / climatology / atmospheric sciences. For more information on the award please see http://aslionline.org/wp/asli-choice/ and p. 714 of May 2012 issue of BAMS (Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society)….”
"THE COUNTRY SCIENTIST" My weekly science column in the San Antonio Express-News is called "The Country Scientist." This column has appeared in the Seguin Gazette-Enterprise since January 1999. Recent columns are linked here. These columns will eventually be supported by a new web site. Scroll down to the end of this page for the most recent installment.
"COUNTRY SCIENTIST" COLUMN IN MAKE MAGAZINE
"Forrest M. Mims III, an amateur scientist and Rolex Award winner, was named one of the “50 Best Brains in Science” by Discover magazine. His books have sold more than 7 million copies." (From MAKEMagazine.) These are mainly science project columns and are unrelated to the newspaper columns.
A list of most print publications follows. Thanks to my wife Minnie for adding some 365 citations to my weekly newspaper science columns since 1999 and hundreds of magazine article citations. This list will be eventually expanded to include all web publications.
1. SELECTED SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS
F. M. Mims III and R. Lopina, Ram Air as a Method of Rocket Control, Proceedings of the AIAA Guidance, Control and Flight Mechanics Conference, paper 70-970, August 1970.
F. M. Mims III, Relaxation Oscillators Provide Compact Drive for Injection Lasers, Electronics, 88-90, July 19, 1971.
F. M. Mims III, Eyeglass Mobility Aids for the Blind: Preliminary Report, Journal of the American Optometric Association, 43, 6, 673-676, 1972. (Invited paper.)
F. M. Mims III, An Infrared Eyeglass Mobility Aid for the Blind, Southwest IEEE Record, April 1972.
F. M. Mims III, Use LEDs, not Lasers, in Rangefinders, Electronic Design, 48-50. May 1972.
F. M. Mims III, An Active Infrared Mobility Aid for the Blind, Proceedings of the Electro-Optical Systems Design Conference, 14-18, June 1972.
F. M. Mims III, Operate Transistors in Avalanche Mode for Fast Pulses with High Current, Microwaves, 73, February 1973.
F. M. Mims III, Sensory Aids for Blind Persons, New Outlook for the Blind, 407-414, November 1973. (Invited general review paper.)
F. M. Mims III, Energy Radiating Mobility Aids for the Blind: Design Considerations and a Progress Report on an Eyeglass Mounted Infrared Aid, American Foundation for the Blind Research Bulletin, 27, 135-156, April 1974. (Invited paper.)
F. M. Mims III, LEDs Replace CRT in Solid-State Scope, Electronics, 110-111, June 26, 1975.
F. M. Mims III, Bidirectional Optoisolator, Electronics, 127, May 10, 1979.
F. M. Mims III, Optoelectronic Alarm Circuit is Time-Sensitive, Electronics, July 5, 1979.
F. M. Mims III, A Bright Future for Fiber Optic Communication, IEEE Potentials, 18-21, February 1984. (Invited general review paper.)
F. M. Mims III, The First Century of Lightwave Communications, International Fiber-Optic Communications, 10-26, February 1982. (Invited historical review paper.)
F. M. Mims III, Sunspots and How to Observe Them Safely, Scientific American, 262, 6, 130-133, June 1990,
F. M. Mims III, How to Monitor Ultraviolet Radiation from the Sun, Scientific American, 263, 2, 106-109, August 1990.
F. M. Mims III, A Remote-Control Camera that Catches the Wind and Captures the Landscape, Scientific American, 263, 2, 126-129, October 1990.
F. M. Mims III, Sun Photometer with Light-Emitting Diodes as Spectrally Selective Detectors, Applied Optics, 31, 33, 6965-6967, 1992.
F. M. Mims III, and E. R. Mims Fluctuations in Column Ozone During the Total Solar Eclipse of July 11, 1991, Geophysical Research Letters, 20, 5, 367-370, 1993. (Also a poster paper at the Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, University of Virginia, June 1992.)
F. M. Mims III, Satellite Monitoring Error, Nature, 361, 505, 1993.
F. M. Mims III, Project Halo: The Annular Solar Eclipse of 1994, EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 74, 18, 1, 1993.
F. M. Mims III, Project Halo: Measuring the 1994 Annular Solar Eclipse, Sky & Telescope, 102-104, January 1994.
F. M. Mims III, Exceptionally Low Ozone and High Solar UV Radiation at Texas, Proceedings of the Second Pan Pacific Cooperative Symposium on Impact of Increased UV-B Exposure on Human Health and Ecosystem, Kitakyushu, Japan, October 1993. (Invited paper.) (Also presented in part in both oral and poster papers at the Gordon Conference on the Impact of Volcanism on Global Climate, New England College, New Hampshire, 1993.)
F. M. Mims III, Measuring the Radiation at the Top of the Earth's Atmosphere, Science Probe 1, 2, 93-100, April 1991.
F. M. Mims III, Tracking the Ozone Layer, Science Probe 2, 4, 32-41, November 1992.
F. M. Mims III, How to Measure the Ozone Layer, Science Probe 2, 4, 45-51, November 1992.
F. M. Mims III, Surveying Your Environment, Science Probe 2, 4, 3, November 1992.
F. M. Mims III, In Defense of Radioactive Journals, Nature 359, 784, 1992.
F. M. Mims III, The Sun Photometer Atmospheric Network (SPAN): Observations of Record Low Ozone and Other Results of a 4-Year Pilot Study, Proceedings of the UV Index Meeting, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, November 1993. (Invited paper.)
F. M. Mims III, and John E. Frederick, Cumulus Clouds and UV-B, Nature 371, 291, 1994.
F. M. Mims III, Project Halo Update, Sky & Telescope, December 1994.
F. M. Mims III, Beware the glare of black light, New Scientist, 144, 1957/1958, 71-72, 1994.
F. M. Mims III, J. Ladd and R. Blaha, Increased Solar Ultraviolet-B Associated with Record Low Ozone Over Texas, Geophysical Research Letters 22, 227-230, 1995.
F. M. Mims III, William F. Barnard, Arthur C. Neuendorffer and Gordon J. Labow, Unusually Low Ozone Detected Over South-Central U.S. EOS 76, 113-115 (1995).
F. M. Mims III, Aerosol Optical Depth, Ultraviolet-B and Total Sky Irradiance during SCAR-B (Brazil), final report for NASA purchase order No. S-59036-Z, 1995.
F. M. Mims III, Smoke and Rainforests, Science 270, 5243, 1995.
F. M. Mims III, UV Radiation and Field Experiments, BioScience 46, 564-565, 1996.
F. M. Mims III, Biological Effects of Diminished UV and Visible Sunlight Caused by Severe Air Pollution, Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Session 8, Fairbanks, Alaska, 19-24 August 1996, 905-908.
F. M. Mims III, Significant Reduction in UV-B Caused by Smoke from Biomass Burning in Brazil, Photochemistry and Photobiology, 64, 123-125, 1996.
F. M. Mims III, The Science that Happens through Partnerships, Proceedings of the Student-Scientist Partnership Conference, Washington, DC, 23-25 October, 1996.
F. M. Mims III, Aerosol Optical Thickness, Total Ozone, UV-B, Diffuse/Total Solar Irradiance and Sky Polarization Through Forest Fire Smoke and Stratospheric Aerosols During TOMS Overpasses, final report for NASA purchase order No. S-78417-Z, 1996.
F. M. Mims III, Hands-On Activities: The Better Approach to Teaching Biology, Journal of College Science Teaching 26, 377, 1997 (letter).
F. M. Mims III, and D. J. Travis, Aircraft Contrails Reduce Solar Irradiance, EOS 78, 448-449, 1997.
F. M. Mims III, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, B. C. Montgomery and W. B. Grant, Smoky Skies, Mosquitoes, and Disease, Science 276, 1774-1775, 1997.
F. M. Mims III, and Bradley S. White, Scientific Studies During the 1997 Burning Season at Alta Floresta, Brazil, final report for NASA purchase order S-97728-Z, 1997.
F. M. Mims III, Health effects of tropical smoke, Nature 390, 222-223, 1997.
F. M. Mims III, Solar corona caused by juniper pollen in Texas, Applied Optics 37, 1486-1488, 20 March 1998.
Brooks, David R., Forrest M. Mims III, Tran Nguyen, and Stephen Bannasch: Characterization of LED-based sun photometers for use as GLOBE instruments. Third Annual GLOBE Conference, Snowmass, Colorado, August 3-7, 1998.
F. M. Mims III, Ups and Downs of UV-B, BioScience 48, 646-648, August 1998 (invited book review).
F. M. Mims III, An Inexpensive and Accurate Student Sun Photometer with Light-Emitting Diodes as Spectrally Selective Detectors, Proceedings of the Third Annual GLOBE Conference, 232-239, August 1998.
F. M. Mims III, and David R. Brooks, Sampling strategies for the GLOBE Sun photometer network, Proceedings of the Fourth Annual GLOBE Conference, University of New Hampshire, July 1999 (www.globe.gov).
Brooks, David R., and Forrest M. Mims III: Calibration and Data Collection With the GLOBE Sun Photometer. Fourth Annual GLOBE Conference, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, USA, July 19-23, 1999.
Brooks, David R., Forrest M. Mims III, George Strachan, Susannah Kim, Jean Yeung, Brent Holben, Alexander Smirnov: Calibrating the GLOBE Sun Photometer. AGU Spring Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, May 31-June 4, 1999.
F. M. Mims III, Amateur Science--Strong Tradition, Bright Future, Science 284, 55-56, 1999.
F. M. Mims III, An International Haze-Monitoring Network for Students, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80, 1421-1431, 1999 (cover article).
F. M. Mims III, Solar Radiometer with Light-Emitting Diodes as Spectrally-Selective Detectors, Optics and Photonics News 11, 3-4, 2000.
David R. Brooks and Forrest M. Mims III, Development of an inexpensive handheld LED-based Sun photometer for the GLOBE program, J. Geophysical Research 106, 4733-4740, 2001.
Marian Morys, Forrest M. Mims III, Scott Hagerup, Stanley Anderson, Aaron Baker, Jesse Kia and Travis Walkup, Design, calibration and performance of MICROTOPS II handheld ozone monitor and Sun photometer, J. of Geophysical Research 106, 14,573-14,582, 2001.
F. M. Mims III, Solar UV-B measured at the surface and inferred by satellite at a rural Texas site, 1994-2001, Proc. SPIE, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models and Effects 4482, 177-186, 2001.
F. M. Mims III, Spectral Absorption and Response: Does the association of spectral absorption bands in sunlight with the spectral response of photoreceptors in plants imply coincidence, adaptation or design?, Progress in Complexity, Information and Design, 1, Winter 2002.
F. M. Mims III, An inexpensive and stable LED Sun photometer for measuring the water vapor column over South Texas from 1990 to 2001, Geophysical Research Letters 29, 20-1 to 20-4, 2002.
Forrest M. Mims III and David Brooks, Validation of remote-sensing satellites using inexpensive, ground-based instruments (GLOBE Annual Meeting, July 2002).
Brooks, David R., and Mims, Forrest M. III: The GLOBE Aerosol Monitoring Project: Where Are We Now and Where Do We Go From Here? GLOBE Seventh Annual Meeting, July 22-26, 2002.
Brooks, David R., Forrest M. Mims III, Arlene S. Levine, Dwayne Hinton, The GLOBE/GIFTS Water Vapor Monitoring Project:An Educator's Guide with Activities in Earth Sciences. NASA Publication EG-2003-12-06-LARC, 2003.
F. M. Mims III, Five years of photosynthetic radiation measurements using a new kind of LED sensor, Photochemistry and Photobiology 77,30-33, 2003.
F. M. Mims III, Solar aureoles caused by dust, smoke and haze, Applied Optics 42, 492-496, 2003.
F.M. Mims III and Brooks, David R.: A 2-Year Comparison of Aerosol Optical Thickness Measurements by the GLOBE Sun Photometer and the Terra and Aqua Satellites. 8th Annual Meeting, Boulder Colorado, July 25-30, 2004.
Sarah A. Mims and Forrest M. Mims III, Fungal spores are transported long distances in smoke from biomass fires, Atmospheric Environment 38, 651-655, 2004.
Forrest M. Mims III, Avian influenza and UV-B blocked by biomass smoke (letter), Environmental Health Perspectives 113, A806-7, 2005.
David R. Brooks, Forrest M. Mims III and Richard Roettger, Inexpensive Near-IR Sun Photometer for Measuring Total Column Water Vapor, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24, 1268-1276, July 2007. http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi L. H. Chambers, E. J. Alston, C. S. Phelps, S. W. Moore, D. D. Diones, P. C. Oots, J. D. Fischer and F. M. Mims III, The My NASA Data Project, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 437-442, April 2008.
F. M. Mims III, Significant changes in the ratio of pigmented to non-pigmented airborne bacteria associated with suppressed UV-B during smoke events in Brazil (in preparation; to be submitted to Photochemistry and Photobiology).
F. M. Mims III, Tannin distribution in conifer branches in Hawaii and Texas is a UV-B dosimeter (still in preparation).
F. M. Mims III, UV-A and green spectral response of larvae and adult Culex pipiens and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes (still in preparation).
Forrest M. Mims III, Donald Pfister and John Barnes, Aeolian transport of Chorioactis geaster from Japan to Texas (still in preparation).
More than 65 books (including booklets and manuals), some in various editions and in two or more languages and with total sales exceeding 7,500,000 copies.
1. Model Rocket Telemetry (MITS, 1969).
2. Semiconductor Diode Lasers (with Ralph Campbell, Sams, 1972).
3. Light Emitting Diodes (Sams, 1973).
4. Led Circuits and Projects (Sams, 1973).
5. Electronic Calculators (with H. Edward Roberts, Sams, 1974).
6. Optoelectronics (Sams, 1975).
7. 816 Calculator Assembly Manual (MITS, 1970).
8. Altair 8800 Operator's Manual (MITS, 1975).
9. Introduction to Electronics (Radio Shack, 1972).
10. Introduction to Transistors (Radio Shack 1972).
68. Sun and Sky Monitoring Station, RadioShack 2003.
69. Fifty Years of Monitoring a Changing Atmosphere--The Story of Hawaii's Mauna Loa Observatory (to be published by the University of Hawaii Press in 2010).
More than 100 articles for The New American Academic Encyclopedia, originally published in print and later by Grolier as the first CD-ROM encyclopedia.
4. PERIODICALS (in which 1,000+ articles, columns, peer-reviewed papers, editorials or letters have been published)
Nature The Wall Street Journal Science The New Yorker Scientific American Writer's Yearbook National Geographic World Popular Photography Modern Photography Laser Focus Physics Today American Journal of Physics Journal of Molecular Evolution The Scientist Fortune Skeptical Inquirer Harper's EOS Philadelphia Inquirer World Highlights for Children Red Cross Youth Journal Popular Mechanics American Journal of Nursing Highlights for the Blind Laser Focus Popular Electronics Popular Computing Radio-Electronics Modern Electronics IEEE Spectrum Science Digest Science Probe! Electronics Event Church Recreation Bicycling Air Force Magazine American Girl Creative Computing Computers & Electronics Electronic Design Electronics Hobbyist Ham Radio Electronic Design Elementary Electronics IEEE Potentials Laser Topics Computercraft Microwaves Electronic Engineering Times Kids! Model Rocketry Saga Texas Parks & Wildlife Make Magazine Infoworld Century Two PC Magazine Science 85 Optics News EDN Lasers & Applications Byte Laser Focus/Electro-Optics Lasers & Optronics Photonics Spectra New Outlook for the Blind Engineering Design Weekly Air Intelligence Summary Philadelphia Inquirer Electronic Experimenter's Handbook Seguin Gazette-Enterprise New Scientist Geophysical Research Letters Journal of the American Optometric Society International Fiber-optic Communications Research Bulletin of the American Foundation for the Blind Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology Quantum Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Sky & Telescope San Antonio Express-News Make Magazine
5. THE CITIZEN SCIENTIST
A linked list of all my editorials, columns, features, projects and news stories in The Citizen Scientist will eventually be added. To find articles now, please go to www.sas.org and enter "Mims" in the search window.
6. OTHER PUBLISHED WORKS
Brochures, newspaper articles, newspaper science columns, letters in many magazines and newspapers, various scholarly papers in conference proceedings, more than 600 published photographs and numerous Internet and WWW articles and photographs. Most of these will eventually be listed on this page.
7. MAGAZINE ARTICLES
Magazines are listed in alphabetical order. Many of the project articles were reprinted in books.
1. AIR FORCE MAGAZINE
1.1 "The Evolution of Revolutionary Laser Weapons," June 1972, 54-58.
1.2. "USAF Sensors Help Build a Better World," April 1973, 49-53.
1.3. "Toward New Horizons in USAF Weapons," July 1973, 74-78.
2.1. "Bikers’ Baedeker," June 1976, 12-13.
3. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NURSING
3.1. "Medical Benefits from Space Research," For the Southwest Research Institute.
An updated list of all columns by date and title is in preparation and will be posted when complete.
Important: The column titles are usually written by headline writers and some may not be scientifically accurate.
The columns are published on Friday or Sunday by the Seguin Gazette-Enterprise and the following Monday by the San Antonio Express-News. Prior to May 2010 some were also published in "Forrest Mims' World of Science" in The Citizen Scientist (http://sas.org/tcs). This list will occasionally be updated.
9. REJECTED PUBLICATIONS
While most of my scientific papers and articles have been published, some were rejected. One, by my son Eric and me, was a paper submitted to Nature that would have been the first to report reduced ozone in the ozone layer following the volcanic eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991. One of the reviewers felt that my homemade instrument that detected the reduction (TOPS-1) was too unknown. Another rejected our findings outright. Yet other papers reporting the same phenomenon were eventually published in various journals. (TOPS-1 later found a significant drift in NASA's TOMS ozone instrument on NIMBUS-7 satellite, a finding that I published in Nature .) In view of the growing number of papers reporting function and purpose for "junk" DNA, it seems appropriate to post here a letter that was rejected by Science in 1994 (a similar letter was rejected in 2003):
December 1994 Letters Science 1333 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20005
To the Editor:
Finally, Science reports "Hints of a Language in Junk DNA" (25 November, p. 1320). Those supposedly meaningless strands of filler DNA that molecular biologists refer to as "junk" don't necessarily appear so useless to those of us who have designed and written code for digital controllers. They have always reminded me of strings of NOP (No OPeration) instructions. A do-nothing string of NOPs might appear as "junk code" to the uninitiated, but, when inserted in a program loop, a string of NOPs can be used to achieve a precise time delay. Perhaps the "junk DNA" puzzle would be solved more rapidly if a few more computer scientists would make the switch to molecular biology.
Forrest M. Mims III Geronimo Creek Observatory
10. PEER REVIEW
Some scientists who are requested by a journal editor to review a prospective paper assign the task to a graduate student or some other less qualified individual. This is a serious abuse of the peer review system, for the reviewer is not necessarily a peer of the author(s). In spite of its flaws, peer review has served an important role in improving some of my scientific publications.
I have reviewed papers for several leading scientific journals. The papers were about sun photometry, ultraviolet radiation, solar energy, waves in the ozone layer during various solar eclipses and other atmospheric topics. Additionally, I have served as a paid reviewer for NASA, the National Science Foundation and for a number of textbooks for McGraw-Hill, Academic Press and Prentice-Hall.
An especially interesting (and compensated) review assignment was the Atlas of Science Literacy, Volume 2, American Academy for the Advancement of Science Project 2061 (2007). This project, which was supported by the National Science Foundation, is part of a major program to significantly improve science, mathematics and technology curriculum for "all Americans."